Pest Analysis Case Study How to Analyze a Company


A little pest isn’t so bad…unless we’re talking about a PEST analysis for a company. Knowing how to analyze a company can be difficult to wrap your head around, but with our help, you won’t have anything to be worried about! Let’s find out all the information you need to know about PEST analysis and how it can help you gain valuable insight into the company you’re analyzing. Ready? Let’s dive in.


Pest analysis is a powerful and widely used tool for understanding the “big picture” of a company. It is an important process in strategic planning and business decision-making, as it helps analyze and assess the external environment to identify both threats and opportunities. A company can use Pest Analysis to evaluate its current situation or to plan for potential changes that may occur in the future.

The acronym PEST stands for four separate categories: political, economic, social, and technological factors. Each of these categories has specific subcategories that can be further explored. By carefully analyzing each factor, companies can closer understand the potential risks and rewards in any given situation or market. The thorough analysis of these factors help shape strategic plans for investments or other initiatives within the company.

By taking the time to evaluate all four factors of Pest Analysis, companies are able to better understand their position in an ever-changing market landscape. The main benefit of this process is a wider appreciation of external forces that influence decision-making within an organization – allowing companies to strategically plan accordingly while taking environmental variables into account. By analyzing these threats and opportunities, organizations are better equipped to make knowledgeable choices which achieve long-term success rather than short term gains alone.

Definition of PEST Analysis

PEST Analysis stands for Political, Economic, Social and Technological Analysis. It is a strategic business analysis tool used to evaluate the outside factors that are likely to have an impact on an organization.

  • Political Analysis: This part of the PEST analysis will consider the current political or legal environment such as environmental regulations, government policies, trade protectionism and taxation changes.
  • Economic Analysis: Here you assess the economic state of play- understanding factors such as global economic downturn, increased competition from overseas markets or pressures on purchasing budgets.
  • Social Analysis: In this analysis you investigate society- demographic changes, changing tastes and values which are impacting different markets across different eras. Consider how religion, culture and language can impact marketing messages.
  • Technological Analysis: Here you look at technology trends and advances determining how they may affect things like new products and services or specific target markets in terms of their ability to access this technology or their own technological knowledge levels. Also paying attention to how aspects like regulation can prevent certain technologies from progress and developments may help us understand what our customers need in the future.

Benefits of PEST Analysis

PEST Analysis is a framework that examines the external factors impacting an organization, allowing for systematic identification and investigation of the key issues and opportunities. PEST Analysis helps companies to identify various types of risks and opportunities associated with their industry, thereby enabling them to proactively assess potential changes in their internal and external environment.

Here are some of the key benefits of PEST Analysis:

  • Provides clear visibility on future business situation: By obtaining a proper assessment of their external environment, a company can make informed decisions about their future business orientations or strategy.
  • Helps scan the political landscape: A company can use this tool to gain insights into its political landscape, be it local or global. This helps one to discern whether current policies favourably or negatively impact businesses operating in that jurisdiction. It also facilitates predictability of government policy changes from current scenarios, thus enabling companies to anticipate future impacts on their businesses.
  • Assesses legal factors across different regions: PEST Analysis provides direction for companies to identify laws and regulations concerning both domestic and international markets so that they can plan accordingly in order to remain compliant with various legislations within each region or country.
  • Offers early detection of opportunities: Companies can use PEST analysis as an important tool for actively searching out new markets and opportunities which might yield attractive returns when exploited properly.
  • Improves forecasting capabilities: With comprehensive inputs on existing economic factors such as inflation rate, employment rate, GDP growth rate etc., companies can improve their forecasting accuracy while designing short-term & long-term strategies by utilizing avail public information sources like census data, socio-demographic datasets etc.

Steps to Conduct a PEST Analysis

Conducting a PEST analysis can help inform strategic business decisions and provide an overall picture of the external environment in which you are operating. A PEST analysis should be conducted periodically (at least annually) depending on the nature of your business operations. The acronym stands for Political, Economic, Social and Technological factors that could potentially influence your business.

Here’s a brief look at each of those components and how to use them when performing a PEST analysis:

  • Political Factors: This refers to the political infrastructure of your company’s target markets. Questions to consider include: What political parties are in power? Are there any regulatory differences within the various states or provinces? How is civil unrest impacting the environment? How sensitive is my market to changes in government policies?
  • Economic Factors: Take into account how local economic conditions may influence customer behaviour and activities such as banking, borrowing and taxation. Educational levels may also affect prices, production rates, customer tastes or availability of skilled labour.
  • Social Factors: This involves analysing data on demographic trends and the attitudes of consumers within target markets such as population growth rates, lifestyles, ages by gender etc so you can better understand customer needs now and into the future.
  • Technological Factors: Consider new innovations that may disrupt products or services within your company’s niche such as automation in production processes or shifts towards digitisation like online shopping behaviour for customers that prefer online shopping over traditional bricks-and-mortar stores. Evaluating technological developments can provide insight into rival companies’ capabilities too.

Examples of PEST Analysis

PEST Analysis is an important tool used in strategy formation and business analysis to determine the Political, Economic, Social and Technological factors that can impact an organization. This analysis helps businesses understand the external environment of their industry and identify any potential challenges. When determining the best way to analyze a company, a PEST Analysis is often a valuable exercise for understanding the ‘bigger picture’ of the organization’s situation.

The following is an outline of examples of elements that should be included when conducting a PEST Analysis:

  • Political: Any macro-economic policies or current social trends affecting the business; political stability in the country; tax policies; labor laws; trade restrictions/agreements etc.
  • Economic: Gross domestic product (GDP); inflation rate; unemployment rate; interest rates; exchange rates etc.
  • Social: Demographics – population size and growth trends; household spending patterns; consumer attitudes and lifestyles etc.
  • Technological: innovations in technology impacting the industry or changes in consumer behaviors driven by technological advances etc.

Limitations of PEST Analysis

While PEST analysis is a useful tool for identifying external environmental variables that might affect a business or industry, it has limitations that should be taken into account when drawing conclusions about the future of the business.

  • First, the PEST concept focuses only on short-term trends, meaning that it does not adequately consider long-term threats or opportunities.
  • Additionally, it may be difficult to identify all relevant factors in crowded industries with numerous competitors.
  • Finally, results from PEST analysis can be misleading if they are interpreted as absolute causes and effects.

In reality, each factor identified may have both positive and negative implications depending on the situation. For instance, a new technology may provide an improved process but also introduce higher startup costs. As such, careful consideration must be given to developing a comprehensive understanding of how each factor affects the business’s operations.


The conclusion of a PEST Analysis examines the overall picture of the external environment for a particular company or industry. By considering each of the factors identified in the analysis, you can draw conclusions regarding potential risks or benefits a company may face from changes in that environment. These conclusions offer insight into what areas might require attention and planning if the company is to remain successful over time.

The key outcome from a PEST Analysis is an understanding of how each factor present in a company’s external environment can have an impact on its operations, as well as its strengths and weaknesses relative to its competition. Practical considerations such as cost and timing are also taken into account when making decisions based on PEST results. After reviewing all the data, companies should put sustainable strategies in place to deal with any threats they face and ensure they are prepared for future changes in their environment.


One of the most effective tools for analyzing a company is the PEST (Political, Economic, Social and Technological) Analysis. To begin your analysis, identify potential sources of information about the company. These could include:

  • Official company documents such as press releases, annual reports, financial statements and other corporate literature.
  • Government information such as census data, industry statistics and laws that could affect the company’s activities.
  • News articles from print and online sources that focus on competitive strategies and market trends affecting the firm in question.
  • Industry sources such as trade journals or discussions with experts who are familiar with the business climate in which your target organization operates.
  • Surveys of current customers or potential buyers to determine what they value when choosing a product or service.

These resources should provide you with enough information to help you assess each part of the PEST Analysis for your chosen organization. The type of information you compile will depend on what external factors you wish to focus on when looking at how competition and outside influences affect decisions within a given firm’s operations.